To Mars went orbital device Trace Gas Orbiter (TGO) and landing demonstration module Schiaparelli. For the first time in the history of interplanetary mission will search for traces of life on Mars.
The separation of the first, second and third stage of "Proton-M" was held on the program and without incidents, the spacecraft launched on earth orbit.
The upper stage "breeze-M" four inclusions engines must withdraw ExoMars trajectory leading to Mars. After a few hours he needs to separate himself from a bunch of TGO and Schiaparelli, which will continue independently.
The flight of the carrier rocket "proton-M" will last seven months. It is planned that on October 16, Schiaparelli will separate from TGO to October 19, first entered the atmosphere of Mars, and the second went into orbit of the planet. Slow down about the Martian atmosphere TGO will be about a year.
Scientific work in the framework of the Exomars project scheduled to be carried out from mid-2017 through 2022. Most of the work is scheduled for 2018, then, in particular, Mars will leave the Rover to study the planet and transmit data to Earth.
Orbital module of the Trace Gas Orbiter to study trace gases of the atmosphere and the distribution of water ice in the Martian soil. Also, the orbital module will relay the data from the demonstration landing module for the mission in 2016 landing module and a Rover mission in 2018, said Gazeta.ru.
Demonstration lander Schiaparelli designed for testing the necessary technologies entry, descent, and landing research scientific instruments, reports Newsru.com.
Detectors installed on TGO, able from the height of 400 km to determine the content in the Martian atmosphere of methane, water vapor, nitrogen dioxide, acetylene and other gases with an accuracy three orders of magnitude higher than in previous studies.
If methane is detected in the presence of propane or ethane, it would be a strong argument in favor of the presence of biological processes. If methane is detected in the presence of gases such as sulphur dioxide, it will indicate that the methane is a by-product of geological processes.
Additional task — development of technologies necessary for the implementation of the second phase of the mission, which, presumably, will be held in 2018.
As explained by the Agency TASS head of the laboratory of space research Institute of Russian Academy of Sciences Daniil Rodionov, ecobiological this is the first mission to Mars. "Previous Mars stations were set the task of finding water, but no mission purposefully did not start with the task of searching for signs of life. This will be the first time," he said.
As reported, may 5, 2018 will launch NASA mission called InSight, focused on the study of the deep interior of Mars. Landing on the red planet is scheduled on November 26, 2018. This project was to be launched in March this year, but in December last year was postponed for two years due to technical reasons.