A devastating earthquake in Nepal happened on 25 April 2015, its magnitude was 7.8. After the first underground shock was followed by many aftershocks, including a very strong may 12, a magnitude 7,2.
Thousands of residents were injured from falling debris of buildings as a result of strong secondary shocks. Particularly badly hit area Sindhupalchok, which killed more than 2 thousand people. In the capital Kathmandu killed more than a thousand people.
Many of historical monuments were seriously damaged, including the famous temple Batsala Durbar square, reminds Russian service Bi-Bi-si.
Many residents of Nepal's capital had to move to tent camp on the outskirts of Kathmandu due to the destruction of their homes or fear of further aftershocks.
Analysis of satellite images before and after the disaster shows that in the centre of Kiev was destroyed more than 180 buildings, including the temple in Taumadhi.
At least four of the seven historical monuments of world importance, located in the Kathmandu valley and included in the UNESCO list, has been destroyed. Among them are the three ancient city squares, one of which is the temple Batsala. And in the old city of Bhaktapur has been destroyed about half of all buildings, 80% of churches were damaged.
During an earthquake in Kathmandu were destroyed: a 60-meter tower Dharahara included in the list of UNESCO world heritage, the area of the Hanuman Dhoka and the buildings on Durbar square — the temple of Narayan and the temple of the Maggia. Destroyed monuments in the ancient city of Bhaktapur, Swayambhunath partially destroyed. Suffered natural Park of Sagarmatha, Chitwan national Park and Lumbini village.
The victims of the earthquake in Nepal were more than 8 thousand people, India has killed 72 people, in China — 25. The United Nations estimates the quake has affected 8 million people of Nepal, of which 2 million live in 11 most affected provinces.
Among the foreigners killed or still missing in Nepal hundreds of French, Japanese, Australians, Spaniards and Bangladeshis, dozens of citizens of China, UK, Ukraine, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Indonesia.
The earthquake caused avalanches in the Qomolangma (Everest), in which at least 19 climbers died (all in the Base camp) and several dozen injured.
Below is Nepal immediately after the disaster and a year later, in April 2016.