"Has become warmer". A verdict that cannot be appealed to residents of the Norwegian Varanger Peninsula, located in the far North. For the past few years the international scientific measurement find this strange tendency: the temperature rises most quickly where the temperatures are lower, in particular at the North pole, said in the article.
The latest American study on climate change conducted by 13 Federal agencies and published in early November, confirms the increase in the average temperature of the planet by 1 degree Celsius over the past 115 years, the author notes. "The mass extinction of ice in the Arctic should continue during the XXI century, which will lead, with high probability, to the formation here of the summer seasons without ice cover in 2040-ies", that is, 23 years later, concludes a study.
"In 2000-e years the average temperature here was about zero — describes Halgeir Zornes, assistant to the mayor of the ward, sitting in front of a small fishing port, dilapidated. — Currently, the temperature became higher. In the depth of the fjord is no more icy winter that lasted several weeks." These changes have led to numerous consequences: for local landscapes, human activities, animals living in the tundra, in water and forests. "For several years, the region has seen a massive invasion of the butterflies that eat the trees and have destroyed many square kilometers of forest, explains Rolf Anker IMS, a researcher at the Arctic University of Norway. — About a million hectares of national Park Varanger was affected by this. This is the strongest effect of climate changes observed in Northern Europe".
These insects are the spoilers came from the South of the country, impelled by the increasing temperature. They destroy land and vegetation, where they feed many birds and also reindeer, which many in the North of Norway, reports, Maso.
"The Arctic Fox has almost disappeared in the North of Norway, continues Rolf Anker IMS. — This is due to the rise in the North, red foxes, which compete with their Arctic counterparts. In addition, the number of their favorite prey, lemmings, were also reduced in the Arctic because of the growing difficulty of finding food".
Bird lovers sad to see fewer and fewer birds resting on a small island Hornija, off the coast of vardø, during their annual flights. In addition, they always arrive too early, gradually reducing the winter. Never-before-seen species appear in the area. "Forest gulls, usually living in the South of Finland, now climb right up to the Norwegian tundra," says Tormod Amundsen, architect, settled in the ward and taking up the development of local ornithological tourism.
While in the Arctic, increased ocean temperatures by about 1.2 degrees Celsius since 1982, fish and plankton are searching for the cold at depth. Then seabirds is becoming more difficult to feed themselves, the author of the article. "There is 55% probability that the common black-legged Kittiwakes, common in Europe, will disappear in Norway in 50 years, says Tone Kristin, Reiertsen, researcher at the Norwegian Institute of nature studies and coordinator of programs on bird watching on the island Hornija. — Changes of natural ecosystems in the region are cause for concern, since they happen very quickly. We have little time to respond".
In the villages in the North of the country, near the Russian border, the anxiety increases. "Global warming world, but it is also local, warns Sabrina store-Askari, a young student heading created last year a local branch of Natur Og Ungdom, one of the most powerful environmental organizations in the country. — In our region the water temperature can rise 10 degrees. Sea animals will not survive".
Still, climate change may bring some alternative solution to enhance the economic potential of the residents Varanger: eco-tourism. By the way, Tormod Amundsen began to develop this mine, and heralds a boom in this sector in the coming years. Due to global warming and tourist season should be extended. However, local authorities are also interested in the opposite of activity: production of oil and gas in the Arctic. So, the greenhouse gas emissions resulting from the exploitation of fossil fuels, are the main contribution of mankind to climate change. "Recent scientific forecasts predict a temperature increase in the Arctic by 5-7 degrees after about 24 years, — said Rolf Anker IMS. — This will cause climatic changes, negative for the environment and residents who are not ready. Then Arctic climate by the end of the century will be moderate".