The study showed that stereotypes define models of education, occupation, employment, work and family life for women and men. It is therefore important to weaken prevailing stereotypes about female and male roles, showing examples that differ from the usual stereotypes.
20% the surveyed residents of Latvia believe that discrimination on grounds of sex in the country is quite common. Least of all personally encountered gender discrimination respondents from Kurzeme, Riga and Vidzeme and respondents from Latgale and Riga surroundings often indicated that had experienced such discrimination.
As the authors of the study, people often do not perceive unequal attitude to themselves as gender-based discrimination, which must be dealt with, and relate to stereotypical roles as natural and usual order of things.
The study showed that gender may be the cause of a less advantageous competitive position when seeking employment, but more pronounced gender inequality is felt in the area of wage — 41.5% of men and 54.6% of women believe that women are more likely to be in a situation where for the same amount of work are paid less than men. With the incorrect behavior on the part of employers who, upon learning about the pregnancy, he fired her from work, faced by 11% of respondents.
Also remains low representation of women in decision-making processes. In the diet of present convocation of the 100 deputies only 15 women, and held in 2013 parliamentary elections were elected with 69% men and 31% women.
In addition, in almost all the cities of Republican value, the proportion of deputies of males was around 80%. None of the nine cities of Republican value, the position of the head of the Duma is not a woman, and the regional authorities in September 2016, was led by 25% women and 75% men.
The study also showed that the typical women's duties to their families and society considers cleaning the house (79,6%), cooking (73,3%), helping children in studies (43,7%), education of children (43,3%), delivery of a child to school (34.7 per cent). Male responsibilities in the family is often considered to be repair (70,9%) and material support.
As in other countries, women in Latvia earn less than men. In 2015 the average monthly gross salary of women was 16.2% less than men, and the amount paid to men pensions were 11.1% more.
Physical and sexual violence by an existing or former partner was experienced 32% of Latvian women, while in 40% of cases the violence occurs within the family. As the authors of the study, these data cannot be considered complete because it is not always these cases are reported to law enforcement.
In the study, were collected and studied data on more than a hundred carried out in Latvia and in other countries studies on discrimination, tolerance and equality. Also, a survey was conducted, which was attended by over 1,000 residents.