Between past and present
Two centuries have passed since then, as the Italian physicist Lazarro Spallanzani informed humanity about the existence of ultrasound in nature. But medical ultrasonic device, allowing you to visualize and study human organs, was established 65 years ago. It was designed by American scientist Douglas Hauri. The method is based on the principle of high-frequency interaction of waves with structures of the body. Passing through tissues of different density, or rather the boundaries between them, ultrasound has many repercussions from them. Host a special sensor detects these changes and differences, turning them into a graphic image that is fixed on the monitor screen. The doctor can determine the size of any organ, structure and thickness of its walls, but most importantly — the presence of pathology in it. Today ultrasound is used in almost all fields of medicine to identify a wide range of diseases. Ultrasound scanners of the latest generation have a high resolution and a set of unique features, corresponding to the equipment of the expert class. This equipment helps the doctor to see the smallest details of the image that greatly improves diagnostic value of the study. The doctor can assess not only the statics but also the dynamics of organs and tissues, to analyze their anatomical and functional characteristics. Qualified diagnostics with the use of high-tech equipment that allows to detect pathological changes at a very early (before clinical stage), when the patient feels healthy, but on examination the doctors discover negative changes. In some cases, especially when it comes to Oncology, the timeliness of the ultrasound is difficult to overestimate.
Advanced equipment — a new perspective
Today ultrasound can be performed with 3D-4D visualization. Powerful systems offer the possibility of obtaining information in real time, processing and analysis of volumetric ultrasound images in three/four planes. Such visuals warrant the accuracy of diagnosis and enables the doctor to make reliable clinical decisions. Ultrasound is safe — it can be done repeatedly throughout the observation period for a patient to be repeated several times during the day, if required by the clinical situation. Data obtained during the ultrasound, as a rule, happens enough. But if for certain reasons requires further examination using more informative methods of detailed diagnostics are performed computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
However, no high-tech equipment in itself has no information value unless it is used by Amateurs. In the Clinic of aesthetic medicine Dr. med. Edward Yurshevich ultrasound is provided by highly qualified specialists with deep knowledge and experience, is able to establish the presence of the pathological process at its earliest stages, to assess its nature, prevalence, dynamics and render expert verdict. The clinic carries out almost all types of ultrasound examinations: ultrasound of thyroid gland, abdominal cavity organs, kidneys, bladder, pelvic organs and breast in women, pelvic and genital organs in men, vessels, soft tissues, etc. using ultrasound can be examined all the organs and tissues. Note: the ultrasound makes sense to do at the first unpleasant and alarming symptoms indicating illness.
For women only
Confidently we can say that ultrasound of the pelvic organs, or, as it is called, "gynecologic ultrasound" provides the maximum information about the state of reproductive organs of the female.
Conducting such a study for the determination of gynecological diseases doctors prescribe to their patients in cases of: frequent/severe pain in the lower abdomen that is not caused by menstrual cycle, in case of changes of the menstrual cycle (pain/irregularity/absence of menstruation/early menstruation early period/bleeding in mid-cycle/too rich/too poor discharge of blood), the emergence of unusual vaginal discharges, appearance of discharge during menopause, when it is impossible to conceive for 6 months and the other lady's trouble. With the help of pelvic ultrasound can detect a wide range of ladies diseases: from inflammatory gynecological diseases to benign and malignant tumors of the uterus and ovaries (endometriosis, salpingo-oophoritis, ovarian cysts, uterine polyps, etc.). Note: endometriosis is one of the main causes of female infertility.
Pelvic ultrasound is widely used for monitoring follicular apparatus of the ovaries in the treatment of infertility, and planning pregnancy. Ultrasound of the uterus and appendages gives the opportunity for early diagnosis of uterine fibroids. This diagnostic procedure allows to identify space-occupying lesions of the fallopian tubes, the omission of the walls of the uterus, inflammatory processes in the pelvic organs, etc. Such examination is taking birth control pills, and hormonal drugs in the presence of intrauterine contraceptive (IUD) — for monitoring and detection of complications. Using ultrasound to establish the presence of pregnancy, to diagnose ectopic pregnancy and throughout the pregnancy to monitor fetal development and identify pathology. Modern equipment photosvisit done several ultrasounds. Transabdominal ultrasound of the pelvic organs is the examination of the internal organs through the anterior abdominal wall. The procedure is performed with a filled bladder and to determine the size of sexual organs, their structure and the presence of large abnormal structures (tumors, cysts). Transvaginal ultrasound is an examination using a special sensor introduced directly into the vagina. The method allows to consider in more detail the structure of organs to determine their size, shape, structure of the pathological entities. Combined ultrasound — transabdominal scan with a full bladder and after emptying the bladder is carried out transvaginal study. Transrectal ultrasonography is a highly informative method of investigation carried out by the sensor, inserted into the rectum. This method of diagnosis is indispensable in the survey of girls who are not sexually active. Women need to know that a number of gynecological diseases in the early stages is asymptomatic. For early detection of the disease should undergo ultrasound of the pelvic organs at least 1 time a year, when disturbing symptoms — without delay. Routine ultrasound of the pelvic organs is recommended in the first phase of the menstrual cycle on 5 — 7th day from the onset of menstruation. Ultrasound diagnosis of pelvic organs, mammary glands, and ultrasound-diagnostics during pregnancy in the clinic Dr. med. dent. E. Y. Chubarova Jursevica provides specialist expertise in gynecological ultrasonography and sonography of the breast.