The Holy land and Red sea
One of the main directions for Orthodox pilgrims — Israel. Since ancient times, the pilgrims sought to visit the Holy sepulcher in Jerusalem, where, according to Scripture, was crucified, buried and resurrected Jesus Christ.
The important pilgrims and religious sites associated with the last earthly days of Jesus Christ. You must also visit the Temple mount, the Western Wall, in the house of Joachim and Anne (the birthplace of the virgin Mary).
In Bethlehem Jesus Christ was born in Nazareth, he spent his childhood and youth and had made Annunciation — these cities, too, an abiding purpose of pilgrimage.
Monasteries in the mountains of Greece
The Greek monasteries of Meteora and mount Athos attracted Christian pilgrims for many centuries.
Meteora, one of the largest monastic complexes in Greece, is situated on a 600-metre sheer cliffs. According to legend, the hermits climbed these peaks before the X century. The first monastery of Megala Meteora, or Preobrazhensky monastery was founded here in the XIV century.
Athos, the Holy Mountain, revered as earthly Destiny of the virgin. In each of the 20 monasteries of mount Athos contains unique relics, the relics and icons are magnificent frescoes and mosaics. The most famous monastery of the Great Lavra. Among the precious gifts of the Byzantine emperors — the cross and the rod of St. Athanasius, two miraculous icons "Economics and Koukouzelissa", part of the life-giving tree of the cross in precious frames, relics of the Holy Apostle Andrew the first-called, St. Basil the Great and many other saints.
The center of pilgrimage of Orthodox Christians in Italy is the city of Bari in the South of the Apennine Peninsula. It is here that the relics of St. Nicholas the Wonderworker. In 1087 they were smuggled out of the city of Myra in Lycia (present-day Turkey). They specifically built the crypt in the Basilica of St. Nicholas, founded in 1087.
In addition, from 1915 to Bari operates Orthodox Church of St. Nicholas, staronavodnitska designed in the style of architect Alexei Shchusev.
UNESCO heritage in Armenia
Armenia was baptized in the fourth century, and almost 95 percent of the population professes Christianity. No wonder this country is one of the world centers of pilgrimage.
Most pilgrims go to the monastery of Etchmiadzin in Vagharshapat. A wooden Cathedral was built in 303 and rebuilt in stone in the V and VII centuries. Here is the main temple of the Armenian Apostolic Church, which is included in the world heritage list of UNESCO. This is one of the oldest Christian churches in the world.
The Cathedral preserved murals of the XVII-XVIII centuries. The monastery complex consists of the refectory of the XVII century, the hotel of the mid-eighteenth century, school, a stone cistern and other buildings.
Another place of pilgrimage — the monastic complex Geghard monastery IV century, situated to the South-East of Yerevan. Here is the spear which the centurion Longinus pierced the body of Jesus Christ on the cross. Feature of the monastery that some churches completely carved in the rock.
Bulgarian monastery in the river valley
Bulgaria is a country with beautiful resorts, varied architecture and ancient culture — every year receives thousands of pilgrims.
One of the most famous pilgrimage sites — the Rila monastery X century in the Northwest of Rila mountain, 117 km South of Sofia. According to legend, he founded the most revered patron Saint of the Bulgarian people by John Rylsky. In the monastery the relics of the Holy and miraculous icon of the virgin "Hodegetria" ("guide") with thirty-two rectangular walls with the relics of saints.