The Portal Delfi.lv has compiled the most major crises in the history of the Olympic Games.
The summer Olympics was held in Berlin, but in 1914 the First world war. In the midst of the military action Game, it was decided to cancel, and the war ended two years later, in 1918.
The capital of the summer Games was chosen Budapest, ahead of Amsterdam and Lyon. During the First world war Austria-Hungary was an ally of Germany, a fact that France used in their favor, affecting the international Olympic Committee.
As a result, the venue of the Olympics was postponed in the Belgian Antwerp, and the competition has not received an invitation to countries such as Austria, Bulgaria, Germany, Hungary and Turkey — all of them were the losing parties in the First world.
Germany was again not invited to speak at the summer Olympic games.
Since 1922 at the Olympic games kicked off the national team of the USSR: Soviet athletes joined the Games in 1952.
In 1931 the IOC selected as the capital of the summer Games in Berlin. However, in 1933 to power in Germany came the Nazi regime of Adolf Hitler, which questioned the successful conduct of the competition. The Olympics took place, but it boycotted Spain.
In 1940 and 1944 summer Olympics were not held
In 1940, the Olympics had to take Tokyo, but in 1937 began the Sino-Japanese war. Japan withdrew its bid to hold the Olympics, and in 1938 the IOC chose a new capital of Games — Helsinki. But in the end, the IOC had to do to celebrate the Olympics — the Second world war. Did not take place and the Olympics in 1944.
The first Olympics after the Second world war has been London. There has not been invited in Japan and Germany, their return to the Olympic family took place in 1952 (then for the first time in the history of the Games and athletes of the Soviet Union).
The Olympics in Melbourne, Australia boycotted the seven countries: for various reasons did not arrive to Egypt, Libya, Iraq, Cambodia, Spain, and Switzerland. And two weeks before the opening of the Games the application was withdrawn China — it did not accept participation in the Olympic games representatives of Taiwan.
The Olympics in Tokyo did not go to Indonesia and North Korea — the IOC fined the country in the fact that in 1963 they participated in alternative Olympic games. In addition, South Africa was excluded from number of participants for the policy of apartheid (the return took place in 1992).
In the Olympic Montreal were absent from 36 countries, mostly from Africa. The majority of States therefore protested against the decision of the IOC to disqualify the national team of New Zealand Rugby, which, despite pressure from the Olympic Committee, played in South Africa. Initially, the boycott of the Olympic games-76 announced on 22 African States, but later their number increased. To Montreal also came the team of China — the government of Canada refused to admit into the country the Chinese delegation.
U.S. President Jimmy Carter called for a boycott of the Olympics-80 in Moscow as a protest against the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan in 1979. In General, Moscow was visited by athletes from 66 countries.
The games-1980 in Moscow were boycotted by many Western countries, but the athletes had a chance to come under the Olympic flag. The current President of the International Association of athletics federations Sebastian CoE won exactly two medals — though in the outfit team great Britain.
Four years later, the Soviet Union in response boycotted the Olympics in Los Angeles. The main reason for this decision was the fact that the American side did not guarantee the safety of Soviet athletes. In addition to the Soviet Union in the Olympic games-84 not played another 17 countries of the socialist camp.
The Olympics in Seoul, South Korea boycotted North Korea. Also in South Korea came Albania, Cuba, Ethiopia, Madagascar, Nicaragua and the Seychelles.
Before the Olympic games in Rio de Janeiro for the first time broke out of a major doping scandal involving Russia. In the end, the IOC shifted the decision on the admission of Russian athletes in the international Federation of the individual sports. In most cases, the Federation has decided in favor of the Russians, with the exception of the International Union of athletics — IAAF admitted to the competition (under a neutral flag) this is just a long jumper. Daria Klishina.
The entire Paralympic team of Russia was not allowed to participate at the Paralympics 2016 in Rio.
Under the Olympic flag before, usually made by athletes from third world countries. So, the Games in 2016 in Rio under him have assembled a team of refugees from Syria, South Sudan, Ethiopia — a total of 10 people. To get into such a team, in addition to the qualifications required of the official refugee status by the United Nations.
In Rio under the Olympic flag athletes competed from Kuwait — the IOC has suspended the local Olympic Committee because of government interference in his work. When the Kuwaiti shooter Fehaid ad-Dihani won gold at the awards ceremony included the national anthem of the IOC.
And at the winter Olympics 2014 in Sochi under the Olympic flag and competed Indians — their NOK deprived of recognition for corruption and state intervention. There were cases when the athlete has performed under a neutral flag due to the fact that his state is not recognized by all and has no knock.
December 5, the IOC decided not to allow the Russian team to perform at the winter Olympics in 2018 in South Korea's Pyeongchang for violating anti-doping requirements. Russia became the first country to be punished because of doping violations. Previously suffered just because of politics/corruption.
The decision of the IOC, Russia is suspended from the Olympics in 2018, athletes will be able to act only under a neutral flag, and membership of the Russian Olympic Committee to the IOC suspended.
Russian athletes will be able to speak under his own name, but without any national symbols. They will imagine how the Olympic athletes of Russia (Olympic Athlete from Russia — OAR). The equipment will be written such English name. Flag and anthem Olympic. None of the members of the administrative team Russia at the Olympic games in Sochi (managers/officers) can't go to Korea.
This is not the first case when the Russian athletes can compete under the Olympic flag. So, at the winter Games 1992 in Albertville they started under the IOC flag and hear the anthem of the IOC to award but consider this neutrality is wrong. The team had a name — a combined team.
At the summer Games of 1992 in Barcelona, the situation changed. The team was called the joint — all the medals went to the common Fund, but in awarding the athlete saw the flag and hear the anthem of their country — Russia, Ukraine, etc.