Members of the U.S. house of representatives Democrat Eliot Engel and Republican Adam Kiesinger introduced congressmen the instrument for stability and democracy for Ukraine (Stability and Democracy for Ukraine, STAND). The document published on the website of the foreign policy Committee. In the notes on his website Engel points to the need to clarify the US position on the illegal occupation of Crimea "as it was tens of years during the Soviet occupation of the Baltic States". Then, the United States has not recognized the jurisdiction of the USSR of the three Baltic republics.
The state Department and the US Treasury, required to regularly provide the relevant committees of Congress a report on the activities of major Russian banks and banks from other countries, controlled by the included in the sanctions lists of persons and of all banks directly or indirectly undermine the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Ukraine. In accordance with the latest requirement under the hood should be provided to all banks operating in Crimea, says RBC.
In addition, the STAND also provides for the expansion of the geography of the so-called "Magnitsky act". The list, created after the death in jail of lawyer Sergei Magnitsky, to investigate the theft of money from the Russian budget, now includes persons involved in violations of human rights in Russia. The authors propose to extend the document on the territory, "occupied or otherwise controlled by the" authorities of the Russian Federation — the Crimea, Abkhazia, South Ossetia and Transnistria.
STAND requires U.S. government agencies to refrain from any action that might be construed as recognition of the Crimea part of Russia, for example, the release of all the images, including maps.
The bill introduces restrictions on the transfer of Russia by NATO of weapons or military equipment that contain American components or technology.
Simultaneously, the US state Department's responsibility to develop and implement a strategy to combat "Russian disinformation and propaganda".
RIA draws attention to the fact that one of the items offered are strictly linked to the powers of the American President to lift sanctions against Russia with the status of the Crimea. The authors STAND suggest to lift sanctions against Russia in two cases: if the President of the United States gives Congress the confirmation of the "restoration of Ukraine's sovereignty over Crimea" or if "the status of the Peninsula will be resolved through the established procedures of international law and is recognized by the democratically elected Ukrainian government".
Relations between Russia and the West deteriorated in connection with the situation in Ukraine after the annexation of Crimea as a result of the referendum. The US accuses Russia of "annexation of Crimea" and aid to the separatists operating in Eastern Ukraine. The sanctions approved by the United States and the European Union, has been revised and expanded. At the end of July 2014, the EU and United States from the point of sanctions against certain individuals and companies have moved to measures against entire sectors of the Russian economy. Amid a record fall in oil prices that has led to a twofold depreciation of the ruble, rising prices, multiple seizure ("freezing") of the funded part of pensions of citizens and reduction of budget.