For this reason, it is expected that Latvia could more rapidly increase the tax on use of natural resources for disposal of waste to facilitate recycling.
Now in Latvia for processing gets only 27% of waste. And by 2020, this amount needs to increase almost two times — up to 50%. If the problem with the amount of processed waste is not resolved until 2020, Latvia may be fined.
Previously tens of millions of euros from the EU funds and public funds invested in the construction of new landfills. And some of them are built too large. Then money went for the construction of plants for the sorting of waste. In parallel with these processes for nearly ten years, the European Directive calls for "taking measures to ensure separation of domestic waste on the spot" (near the place of residence of the population). If waste is to sort the population, they will be better and in large volumes to be processed, I believe the European Commission.
And now it is necessary to search intensively for new, more effective solutions to waste, so in the next two years could double the volume of their processing. If the result isn't — Latvia face penalties. Now the Directorate General for environment of the European Commission began a review of Latvia launched the so-called early warning system.
"The European Commission, involving consultants who want to understand what you have done and the steps to achieve your goals. This process should be performed until 2020, which is defined in the Directive. After that, there will be the conversation of a different tone, what we don't want. Then you will launch the procedure of the potential penalty for non-compliance," said Deputy Secretary of the Ministry of environmental Protection and regional development Alda Ozola.
The test began at the end of 2016, information recommendations can be submitted early next year. Risks to achieve objectives on waste diagnosed in 12 EU countries — Latvia, Estonia, Poland, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Malta, Croatia and Spain.
Experts work with the Latvian side for almost a year and a few months would be the tips that need to be taken to achieve the goal. But it is already clear that the tax on use of natural resources will need to increase faster than previously planned. This means that will increase the cost of garbage removal.
Legal responsibility system of production in recent years caused an increased attention among the media and environmentalists. Dealers are exempt from tax on use of natural resources, if they signed a contract with a company which is engaged in gathering and processing a certain amount of waste.
From late 2010 until the end of 2016 for the oversight division followed the Fund for the protection of the environment. Check the primary was conducted as a comparison of documents from different sources. From 2010 to 2016, the Fund was 65 acts of violations. In the early years there were more, but over the past three years found only five violations. And just one enterprise for all these years was imposed a monetary penalty — 234 670 euros. The inspections were conducted once a year, if required to visit the company, it performed a service Gostrey.
"Indirect signals about this sector were obtained and in the Ministry. It was noted that what was presented on paper, does not correspond to the truth. Therefore changed the model of supervision that everything is in the hands — of posredi," said Ozola.
Until October of this year, the service Gostrey planned to finish all the system checks for the past year. But test the two major participants in the system are still ongoing. In September and October, the service suspended the activities of three companies and imposed on them penalties in total over 35 million euros. Before this punishment was never applied.
The Ministry of environment has planned several events, hoping to perform tasks and to avoid the wrath of the European Commission. It is assumed that local authorities should be at least one point for the collection of sorted waste for 500 people. In addition, the Ministry returned to the idea of establishing a Deposit system packages.