In Sweden, where women began to fight for rights in the early 20th century and is today one of the main themes of the government, such a discussion would collect a roughly equal number of men and women, in Latvia the ratio was 15:1. To the ladies of the foreign Ministry, menslage, office of the Ombudsman, University of Latvia, Bureau of the Northern countries and the business community was joined by only one man — a psychology Professor Ivars austers, for which the topic of gender is one of the subjects of the study.
He told me about an interesting experiment that demonstrated how firmly in our minds of inherent gender stereotypes. His student, created three fake CV: one from the typical person men, the second women and the third from an unnamed floor. It turned out that when finding the best candidates for the position employers are even different questions to ask depending on what sex they and what sex the applicant is. It is assumed that men with the right skills and education will all do really at high level, while women can achieve success in a different way — emotionality, softness, teaching to solve conflicts. "When at a conference asked me what to do for greater equality, I said to forbid to specify the gender of the applicant on a CV, or in any way," laughs Professor.
The socioanthropological, University of Latvia Aivita Putnina remembered how in the late 90's a group of women activists staged in Riga artistic action: ran the microphone through the streets and interviewed men: "would you Like to be a woman in Latvia?" Men shied away, and some took the question as an insult.
According to writer and activist Ieva Melgalva, "the more professional you become, the easier people will forget what your gender. But the advertising business is imbued with stereotypes. Look commercials, and the impression is that only women are interested in washing powders and men "mobiles". Well, Yes, because women don't use cell phones!" As the mother of three children, going through divorce, she was faced with the fact that the blame for the fact that the family fell apart, society imposes exclusively on the woman and offers her to disentangle the situation.
Doctor of social Sciences and communication Marita Zitmane sure that the roots of inequality have to look deep into childhood "of its students, boys and girls, I heard so many stories about how parents, caregivers, teachers restrict their Hobbies and activities only on the basis that it (for example, mathematics, physics) do not need girls, and that boys don't do (sew, cook, etc.)". And even in textbooks clearly deeply-held stereotypes in mathematical problem that Janis gets two pieces of cake, and Ievina — one. The way it is programmed.
Highly segregated labor market. According to the Office of the Ombudsman of Latvia, women in most professions, where the lowest salaries. Including in the field of health and social policy (90%) and education (94%). Men teachers do not go first because there is little pay (in countries where teachers ' salaries are traditionally higher and higher men in this profession). As a result, the schools prevalent type of female upbringing, and parent meetings often begin with the words: "Dear mom...". Thus, for example, in cardiac surgery Latvia men get for the same operation three times more women.
However, according to the Deputy head of the management Board of Nordea Bank Laura Pochi-Rosenblum in the banking sector of Latvia "the weaker sex" prevails: the management of its Bank there are 69%, and in the rule of two. In her opinion, it would be better if the proportion was closer to 50 50.
Daina Cossack, where he worked for three years as Deputy (2011-2014), says it is "heavy experiment from the point of view of equality. At this time the national party has taken a populist position, basing their appeals and allegations not based on facts and research, and statements from the series "I believe...," "my experience proves..." According to Dinah, it is these trends and lead to paksitan and Tramp.
She claims that if a woman wants to work in the Parliament, where 16% of men and in the government (today, there are three ladies), she must be willing to "men's games" not only in politics but also in sports. Deputies-men have football, basketball, volleyball teams, and women nothing. In her opinion, the ratio of 50: 50 in politics better reflect the social section of the country and would help to combat stereotypes.
However, the representative of the Latvian Bureau of the Council of Ministers of the Nordic countries expressed the view that the mere conversation about feminist government in Latvia met on the wall a total misunderstanding of what you mean. "And our Minister of justice of such words would have a heart attack!", — almost in unison suggested the assembled ladies. (The Ministry of justice is headed by the representative of Nezabyunaya Dzintars rasnačs - approx. edition)
Agnese Gaile from menslage noted that "Latvia and Romania from the first end to the EU at risk of poverty. In most situations, female victims, due to their low wages".
Not surprisingly, the situation with sex for money in Latvia condoned. "And while the woman is a possible object for sale, in relation to her society nothing will change. Even a woman will be President, speaker and Prime Minister", — said the head of the women's resource centre "Marta" Iluta lāce. In its opinion, in Latvia it is necessary to introduce laws that prohibit pimping and include the responsibility of the customer for paid sex — so today there is in most developed EU countries: Sweden, France, Ireland... she Also finds insufficient support for women victims of different forms of violence.
In the conclusion of the event, its participants were asked to answer the question:
"If you were Prime Minister or another influential person in the world of unlimited possibilities, what would your reform to promote gender equality?" The answers were as follows:
- To reform education so that the concept of equity was integrated into the training from kindergarten to University, and teachers to attract more men.
- To adopt a Law on gender equality, the introduction of which to allocate budget.
- To hold a social advertising campaign in which the theme of equality would be delivered to.
- To finally adopt the Law on partnerships.
- To borrow the Swedish model of gender regulation, in which the participation of each Ministry.
- To create a system of prevention of gender-based violence.
- To hold a social advertising campaign with angry women and why they get lower wages for the same work?
- To order once a year from reputable company gender statistics: how many men and woman in such positions, how many they are getting and so on.
- To organise state-supported nannies, so they can for a reasonable price supported working mothers who have no one to leave the child.
- Enter the proportion of 50: 50 in politics.