In 2014 will take place the first test of the two spacecraft, which will help people finally to reach Mars.
In September, NASA will launch the Orion spaceship, intended for long-distance space missions, in a 4-hour flight around the Земли.
Also in the next year will be the first Falcon rocket launch Heavy developed by a private company SpaceX. It is able to deliver on Mars 13200 kg of cargo and must become the most powerful of the existing missiles. It lacks the power to take people with all the necessary equipment to Mars at one time, however, with its help, you can start posting on the "red planet" goods before sending экспедиции.
In 2013 in the sky above the Earth flew comet ISON. In 2014, mankind will return visit: spacecraft of the European space Agency (ESA) Rosetta will be released on the comet's orbit Чурюмова-Gerasimenko and landed on her поверхность.
Currently celestial body moves with the speed of 16 km/s, and Rosetta catching it with the speed of 800 m/S. In November 2014 from the spacecraft separates from the descent module Philae, which is destined to become the first spacecraft, приземлившимся a comet. Airborne laboratory will examine soil samples and send the results to the Earth to investigate to see if our oceans and many molecules necessary for the origin of life, the appearance of these heavenly телам.
We already went to the moon and Mars, but one is much more close, the border was subjected to a person recently said далее.
In 2013, the Russian researchers were finally able to penetrate into the lake Vostok ice pond depth of more than 500 m, buried under the 4-kilometer layer of Arctic ice. In 2014, scientists have to determine whether there is a lake - under high pressure, without sunlight, in extremely low temperatures and in complete isolation - life and if Yes, what. Detection in its waters of living organisms will be the last proof of the adaptability of all living things to the conditions обитания.
Clone dinosaurs using the surviving DNA samples is still possible only in the movie "Jurassic Park", however, scientists are making considerable progress in the field of reading the genome of the ancient beings - though not so ancient, as the dinosaurs. In 2014 can be assembled genome distant ancestor of man, Homo Erectus, who lived on the Earth for more than 1 million years назад.
Until recently, find the genome of hominid was not easy: DNA is best stored in a cool climate, and the ancestors of the people lived mainly in the tropics. However, as recently shown by the example of the reading of the mitochondrial genome of the cave-man from Spain, under the right conditions DNA can survive in a warm климате.
The first football world Cup in Brazil, the ball will hit not a player with one of the teams if all goes according to plan, the first strike will make the paralyzed below the waist teen using mentally managed экзоскелета.
This will demonstrate achievements of the international project Walk Again, uses modern technology to combat palsy. Developed by a team of exoskeleton is controlled using the electrical signals of the brain, read by the electrodes placed on the surface of the head or directly in the мозге.
If the British Parliament will allow a new form of in vitro fertilization, in the next year in the world can be born, the first child has three parents. This will allow thousands of women with mitochondrial disorders cannot pass it on to their детям.
Mitochondria have their own DNA, which is passed through the maternal line, and differs from the chromosomes in the cell nucleus. There is a way to avoid transmission of mitochondrial deviations: for this you should take a donor egg with normal mitochondrial DNA and the cell nucleus of the egg future матери.
Most experts in bioethics argues that providing only 0.1% of the DNA of the child, the donor will not be considered as a parent neither legally nor ethically зрения.
What is the price of a loss of confidence? Learn in 2014, when it will be apparent consequences of exposure surveillance интернете.
According to experts, over the next two years, American Internet giants and technology companies can lose up to 35 billion dollars. However, there is a positive side: the users become more attentive to their activity on the Network. In addition, they can begin the fragmentation of the world wide web. A number of countries, including Brazil and Germany, are considering the establishment of a national маршрутизации.
After a year, we all, perhaps, we will carry computers on their heads: in 2014, will go on sale in widely advertised points Google Glass.
During the test operation of the first modification of the "smart glasses" has already appeared a number of revolutionary practical applications: surgeons aired on how they see the operation, the students of medical universities, and patients with diabetes could literally see what they едят.
Critics of the device say it will put an end to private life, and its display will destroy communication, but, anyway, the appearance of this device will change the way we look at мир.
In 1937 fire on the airship Hindenburg put an end to the use of hydrogen as fuel, but the easiest chemical element is returned. The company produces Hyundai SUV Tuscon Fuel Cell, which uses hydrogen for energy production. Its fuel cell connects the hydrogen from the oxygen tank, obtained from the air, resulting in an electrochemical reaction, generating current for электродвигателя.
Unlike electric cars, which on the charging takes several hours to refuel new SUV takes two minutes, and a full tank should be enough for 480 км.
Be ready for anything - that's the main idea of the report of the intergovernmental panel on climate change (IPCC), which should be published in March года.
Today grew confident that South Europe, middle East, South-Eastern United States and South Australia expect drought. In Northern latitudes, in Scandinavia and Canada will become more rains and snowfalls. However, in other parts of the globe to predict climate change was much more difficult than anticipated. Experts diverge more and more in the projections, especially for Africa and Азии.
How countries preparing for climate change? As detailed forecasts and individual decisions should not wait, we should reduce the vulnerability against any manifestations of climate change. For example, to plant a culture, which are resistant to drought, neither наводнение.