Nick (his surname he asked me not to disclose) would rather stay at home in Romania. He is 25 years worked as an electrician at the enterprise, which once was a state, but then it was bought by a foreign investor. In the last few years, many of my colleagues nick lost their jobs. He did not immediately got under reduction. "But because of lack of staff I had to work in two shifts. I was so tired that even at the wheel could not fight with sleep," says the 45-year-old nick. Eventually he lost работу.
Although seniority nick exceeds 20 years, it's to find a job in the private sector or, for example, to start their own businesses must undergo refresher courses, worth about EUR 1,000 - twice more than the average monthly earnings in Румынии.
This amount unemployed nick must pay out of pocket. "I don't know how to continue funding the education of daughters," shrugs electrician. So he set about in 2014 to go to work in Western Europe, where I could find work in construction or agriculture. But not sure that will be decided on this risky step - fears that abroad his work will эксплуатировать.
From January 1, 2014 for the citizens of Romania and Bulgaria will be lifted all restrictions on the right of employment in the EU. "But on suitcases no one sits," says Sven Joachim Ирмер, the head of office of Konrad Adenauer Foundation in Romania and Moldova. The fact that many EU citizens are looking for a place of work or study in another EU country, Ирмер believes it is quite normal and no "influx of migrants", which is cautioned by the European media, in 2014 not ожидает.
Working legally abroad - not news for Romanians and болгар
Romania and Bulgaria joined the EU in 2007. Since that time, the citizens of these countries could work legally in Germany. For this purpose, they are required to obtain a work permit from the Federal Agency for employment (Bundesagentur fur Arbeit). And this usually not affected, highly qualified specialists, who worked in the specialty, their families, and also those who wanted to take on the job training in Germany. They can work in Germany without any ограничений.
So the changes that will come into force on 1 January 2014, relate, primarily, low-skilled workers. Previously they could be in Germany as seasonal workers not more than six months in a row. Now they have the opportunity to seek employment with the long перспективой.
In practice, legal restrictions poorly prevent the influx of migrants, says Victoria Стойчу of the Romanian branch of the Friedrich Ebert Foundation, which explores labour migration . "On the contrary, these restrictions encourage illegal migration," says Стойчу.
Bulgarians returned домой
Accurate data on how many of the citizens of Romania are planning in 2014 to come to work in Western European countries, yet. Organization for economic cooperation and development (OECD) estimates that more than three million Romanians currently reside for границей.
In Bulgaria, Institute of public opinion Afis conducted a study on the migration potential of citizens. According to surveys, about 17 percent of Bulgarians aged 15 to 55 years old (about 400 thousand people) examine for yourself the opportunity to travel to other EU countries in search of work in 2014. This is nothing new in 2008 to leave on earnings wanted one fifth of the citizens Болгарии.
The EU rejected a claim of the British Prime Minister about the restriction of rights мигрантов
Dieter Эммерт, head of the Bulgarian branch of the German company Grammer, suggests that good chances on the German labour market are technicians and engineers. Germany emerges from recession and urgently needed in the labor force. And the experience these specialists are supposed to acquire in Germany, "later will be very useful in the formation of Bulgarian industry", says Эммерт. "The only question is, how can then Bulgaria to convince their citizens to return home", - emphasizes он.
This issue is dealt public figure Mila Натудова. She had an internship in the field of management in the USA and returned and founded the community "here and There" - the Union of Bulgarians, who have received education abroad. According to her, the Bulgarian students, who returned to the homeland after graduating from the European institutions feel frustrated because of bureaucracy, limited career opportunities and low заработков.
This must change if Bulgaria wants to become an attractive country for qualified specialists. "At the same time, our surveys show that more and more people after study abroad seeking to return to Bulgaria," says Натудова.